Order of the Nine Angles (ONA/O9A)

The Order of Nine Angles (ONA) is a secret religious movement that originated in Britain in the 1970s and combines elements of occultism, Satanism, and mysticism in its beliefs and practices.

In the late 1990s, it gained notoriety when it became associated with neo-Nazi violence and then, after the 9/11 terrorist attacks in 2001, with militant Islamism. The ONA’s unusual blend of Satanism, mysticism, and purported neo-Nazi sympathies has attracted growing academic and political interest, including the anti-racist anti-fascist campaigning group HOPE not hate’s campaign in early 2020 for the UK government to proscribe it.